Our values: Security, safety, protection, justice
Our vision: The most fundamental job of government is to protect its citizens from crime. Progressive government focuses on strategies that make us safer and serious felonies deserve serious punishment. But there is a great deal that can be done to prevent crime while also ensuring justice: (1) reform police procedures, including interrogations and use of force, that lead authorities toward the wrong suspects; (2) reform judicial procedures that hurt the innocent, thereby helping the guilty; (3) reform prison procedures that increase recidivism; and (4) reform criminal laws to prevent the commission of crimes.
With the advent of DNA evidence, it has become clear that many innocent people have been prosecuted and imprisoned. Part of the problem is old-fashioned police procedures—an overconfidence in unreliable eyewitnesses and an emphasis on profiling. Progressive states and localities must adopt fairer and more accurate procedures. The most common element in convictions overturned by DNA evidence has been eyewitness misidentification. This is why police need to reform procedures for lineup identifications. In addition, they should require electronic recording of all interrogations and attach cameras to police cars and uniforms. Law enforcement should have clear rules against racial profiling and military weaponry, as well as limiting the use of force.
Tough court procedures don’t necessarily make law-abiding citizens any safer, and can in fact have the opposite effect. A progressive government pursues bail reform, sentencing reform and juvenile justice reform to make it less likely that minor offenders turn into hardened criminals. Similarly, expungement of minor arrest or conviction records can also help prevent recidivism.
The U.S. prison population has exploded in the past few decades, from about 300,000 prisoners in 1980 to about 1.5 million today. Another 750,000 are in local jails or juvenile detention. Thirty-three states employ private prisons, presumably on the theory that they’re cheaper, but there is no legitimate evidence to prove this claim. At the same time, private prisons seek healthier prisoners because they are less expensive to house, and shy away from providing education and training programs in order to maximize profits. Prison privatization should be banned, or, if that’s not possible, more strictly regulated.
The 1980s and 1990s “War on Drugs” took much discretion away from judges and enormously increased the length of sentences. Yet, a growing body of research proves that treatment, rather than incarceration, is the most effective tactic to fight drug abuse. Diverting nonviolent drug offenders to treatment programs reduces recidivism and saves money. Similarly, mandatory minimum sentences should be relaxed so that judges can deliver real justice based on the actual circumstances of each case. While these “get tough” measures have been ineffective, real danger has come from the nearly unchecked proliferation of guns. Every single day, dozens of Americans are murdered, hundreds are shot, and nearly one thousand are robbed or assaulted with a gun. It’s just common sense that every state should require a background check for all gun sales, preferably including fingerprinting and safety training as well.
FEATURED POLICIES FOR 2018
Every year, hundreds of innocent Americans are convicted of crimes because of false confessions. Thousands more are arrested because of false confessions and later the charges are dropped. There are many reasons why innocent people “confess,” ranging from exhaustion to mental illness. Electronic recording of interrogations helps to protect the innocent and convict the guilty. Ten states and many cities and counties now require electronic recording of interrogations. In fact, then-State Senator Barack Obama sponsored the first state law requiring electronic recording of interrogations in 2003.
Every year, nearly two million women are sexually assaulted, and according to the Centers for Disease Control, nearly one in five American women are raped at some point in their lives. When an assault is reported, DNA evidence is usually collected in a “rape kit” to help identify the assailant. Yet, it is estimated that hundreds of thousands of DNA samples sit untested in police departments and crime labs. Several states and localities have enacted legislation to end the backlog and test all rape kits.
More than 8,000 local police forces have received more than $5 billion in military equipment from the federal government. Local police now routinely use automatic weapons and heavily armored military vehicles, flash-bang grenades and night-vision rifle scopes. State and local governments should curtail this militarization. Every official should find out if their law enforcement agencies own military equipment and if so, whether police really need it. Jurisdictions should ban such weaponry or at least set up strict procedures to ensure proper oversight for the acquisition and possession of military equipment.
Many law enforcement agencies have abused the civil asset forfeiture process, which has allowed police to seize, and too often keep or sell, property they claim was involved in a crime. Often property owners are not even arrested, much less convicted of a crime, but their cash, vehicles and other property are seized and never returned. The Institute for Justice model law eliminates civil forfeiture and replaces it with criminal forfeiture, which limits police authority to keep property to situations where assets were derived directly from or used in crime and a criminal conviction occurs.
Our juvenile justice system should focus on diverting young offenders from future crimes, which makes all law-abiding residents safer. Yet, the systems in many states are based on old, discredited ideas. The Juvenile Justice Reform Act combines three urgent reforms. It restricts the use of pretrial confinement to young offenders who pose a real flight risk or danger to society. It limits the transfer of defendants from juvenile to adult courts. And it protects children in court proceedings by ensuring that they do not waive their constitutional right to counsel.
Cameras on police cars or uniforms
Fatal police shootings in cities across the country have prompted new calls for police to monitor themselves with video cameras. The use of police cruiser-mounted cameras is becoming widespread, and there are also “body cameras” which attach to officers’ uniform lapels. The idea behind this technology is that both police officers and criminal suspects are less likely to misbehave if they know they’re being recorded. In a study by Cambridge University, the Rialto, California, police saw an 89 percent decline in the number of complaints against officers during a yearlong test use of body cameras. The number of times police used force against suspects also declined.
Ban stun cuffs
A stun cuff is a small box strapped to a prisoner (usually at the ankle) which, when police press a remote controlled trigger, emits a 50,000-volt shock that immobilizes the wearer. This device is good for little more than torture as prisoners can already be fully controlled with the use of handcuffs and leg irons. Stun cuffs should be banned.